Why do special education students need independent living services?

Life skills are essential to job functioning, and they must be included in instruction for students with special needs. Special education students who lack the basic life skills needed to be independent have the right to receive services before they graduate or leave high school. A life skills curriculum approach blends academic, daily living, personal/social, and occupational skills into integrated lessons designed to help students learn to function independently in society. Many students with disabilities will marry and raise families. The majority will probably earn modest salaries; therefore, it is crucial that they learn how to manage a home, family, and finances as effectively as possible.

Daily Living Skills Services – Students are given assessments to determine whether any challenges in the area of daily life skills impact their ability to be successful in employment. If it is determined that students have areas of need, measurable goals are developed to guide their lessons and services. Students are assessed in daily life skills in career planning, communication, daily living, home life, housing and money management, self-care, social relationships, food preparation, citizenship, transportation, and leisure activities. It is critical that students master the necessary skills to be independent in their daily lives so they can be more successful in employment.

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